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What Is The Color Correction?

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What Is The Color Correction? How Is It Different From ColorGrading? - Know In Detail

Post-production editing is crucial as the final product deliverance is dependent upon it. The editor does not have to fix everything, he just has to adjust some essential things to make the final product attractive and exciting. 

The most crucial thing while editing a movie or show is color adjustments. To perfect the look and feel of a TV show or movie, editors and colorists who are engaged by the production, make adjustments to color. This could entail enhancing the blue or orange or desaturating or saturating the screen's pictures. In this guide, we will discuss the basics of Color corrections and Color grading.

What Is Color Correction?

Technical color correction takes place in the post-production stage of a movie. To make film footage appear natural and unprocessed—the way the human eye sees it in real life-film colorists apply editing software to change the color, contrast, and exposure of the material. The colorist makes sure that the finished product looks exactly how the director and cinematographer intended it to.

Technical color problems are also corrected by the colorist. For instance, if an actor performs at their peak in a scene with poor lighting, the colorist can save the scene by adjusting the lighting so it matches the rest of the movie's footage.

The footage is additionally optimized through a color correction to ensure that any additional visual effects (VFX) mix in as naturally as feasible. The adjusting of white and black levels, exposure, contrast, and white balance is known as color correction. This restores the filmed image to its natural, true hues, as intended by the filmmakers.

Need For Color Correction In The World Of Filming

A remarkable video is created using a variety of critical components, including storytelling, cinematography, production design, and editing. However, color correction is a step crucial step to delivering the best final video. The concept of color correction was first proposed long before customers were drowning in a deluge of digital video information. Let us light upon the need for color correction in the world of Filming.

The new standard for online video content

Color correction is not only done for large film studios but also has a great impact on online video content. In this technology era, people spend most of their time on Social media platforms such as Instagram, Snapchat, and YouTube.

People expect and want to watch high-quality visuals. There are lots of influencers, Vloggers, brands, and companies who attract audiences to their pages by uploading interesting and exciting video content. Here, the color and quality of the videos can change the game. Hence, Color Correcting has its own special place in the world of online video content. It offers your video content a more dynamic and professional look. 

Convert Raw footage into a spectacular one

The best technique to obtain the highest quality image is through color grading and fixing it, regardless of how sophisticated your camera is or how talented your cinematographer is. The RAW camera format, which captures the most uniform color spectrum, is an option on many digital cameras. While you are filming, the color may appear dull, but RAW footage allows you to further edit the image.

Turning off in-camera artificial enhancements and choosing to record flat video guarantees that you'll have the greatest ability to edit the image later, taking into account all of the factors that change throughout the day when filming, such as weather and lighting. This makes it possible for editors to sync together camera angles to produce attention-grabbing content.

Uplevel your Storytelling

Color correction is another tool you can use to tell your brand's story. Colors subconsciously generate moods, so emphasizing bright colors in the footage can create an upbeat and happy mood, while making dark, muted tones the focus will set a more gloomy and dour tone. We all strive to create engaging and concise content. 

You don't need to go for a more stylized appearance because even a minor color grading will help make your point. The color of your digital video content is just as much a part of your brand identity as the color of your logo, so if you're a brand that regularly releases video material, you may establish distinct color styles that you use throughout all of your content.

Increased Production Value

An inexpensive approach to raise the production value of all your content is through color correcting. We all need to figure out ways to raise the production value without raising the budget while creating digital content.  

Professional content creators can be distinguished from beginners by using effective color correction and grading. Even if they are unaware of it, your audience already identifies color-corrected film with achievement. As viewers of media, we are so used to watching highly stylized cinematography in movies and TV shows that anything else appears unprofessional in comparison. Your cell phone videos don't look like Star Wars in large part because of this.

Steps For Color Correction

It takes a good eye and a lot of patience to color a video. Check out the steps below for a simple guide on how to fix video color:

Step 1 - Select the right Picture profile

All cameras feature built-in picture profiles that let you edit the video you're recording. A picture profile is a set of specifications that establishes the fundamental qualities of your footage (such as color, saturation, and tone), giving your movie a unified appearance. Some filmmakers favor using a flat picture profile when they are filming because it results in low-contrast, neutral footage that colorists can better improve in post-production.

Step 2 - Adjust your white balance

Another step in the process of basic color correcting is defining the white color. White balance, which measures the temperature of your white light, aids in accurately presenting colors on your video camera. To create a baseline, it's crucial to define the degree of your white because color temperature and tint can have an impact on how all of your other colors appear.

Step 3 - Fix your tones

It's important to balance the tones when taking high-quality pictures. The exposure—the quantity of available light the remainder of your image needs to look right-can be improved by balancing the dark tones in your camera, such as black levels and shadows, mid tones (the mid-range between black and white), and highlights (the brightest light).

Step 4 - Use your scopes

Scopes are practical instruments for color monitoring because they offer more precise color information. Using your reds, greens, and blues as an example, the vectorscopes in color correcting software measure chrominance values like hue and saturation (RGB). Since this color tool detects hue levels more precisely than the human eye, it is extremely useful for colorists when attempting to color-balance natural skin tones.

Step 5 - Use Color match

In post-production, you can apply presets to your photographs by using lookup tables, or LUTs. Similar to a picture profile, a LUT enables editors to add a standardized color scheme to footage after it has been captured. By automatically altering colors to match those in your reference image, match color tools can help you cut down on editing time.

Step 6 - secondary color correction

The initial color adjustment will affect your entire image, but you should then perform a second edit that concentrates on particular regions. A secondary correction enables you to spot any abnormalities or color casts that aren't natural and adjust minute details that might have a significant impact on your image as a whole.

Step 7 - Final editing

Using additive colors, you can fine-tune your video image and make any necessary last-minute color tweaks after you've finished your video color correction. According to color theory, you could want to give your footage a bluer hue if you're looking for a particular tone in your movies, such as coldness or isolation. You could wish to color grade a movie with more purple tones if it has a fantasy or enigmatic themes.

Basic Corrections

White Balance

In both coloring apps and your camera, white balance is the same thing. It gives a description of your image's color temperature. Images with colors that are close to their intended values should result from appropriately setting your camera's white balance for the scene. Even if you accomplish this in camera, there will probably be some adjustments you need to make in the post to get you home.

Scopes

Scopes are a straightforward yet effective tool that let you correctly color correct your footage, as you can see. Scopes are a monitoring tool that plots information about color and light so that you can observe how they are precisely balanced and how they compare to one another.

Curves

You should use curves in conjunction with your scopes so that you can fix and grade colors precisely. With curves, you may modify shadows, midtones, and highlights much more precisely by adding points to drag colors to new values.

Color Match

Selecting a reference image to evaluate and apply to your target image is possible with a color match. Since this computation is automatic, it's crucial to check your scopes and apply your best judgment regarding the accuracy of the color match.

Color Qualifiers

Color qualifiers allow you to alter a specific color or group of colors without affecting the remainder of the image. Color qualifiers can also be used to indicate colors that you want to lock in place so that they won't change when other colors and picture elements are changed.

How Color Correction Is Different From Color Grading?

There are two distinct methods for editing color in a video: color grading and color correction. Both procedures are necessary for creating videos. Although each term still has a specific function to fulfill, they are linked, and you will need both to give your video a classy look.

Color correction refers to the alterations you apply to your footage's color. White balance, exposure, tint, whites, blacks, saturation, highlights, and shadows are a few of the alterations that can be made. To give your video material a more pleasing appearance, you must modify these properties.

Color grading is the application of a filtered layer on top of your finished video. Your video will appear more polished and visually appealing as a result. It is a procedure that gives the footage more feeling or mood. Bring in your footage for color grading after color correcting it.

The situation then becomes more complicated. Adjusting atmosphere and tone is done technically through color grading. A project's ability to convey professionalism depends on effective color correction. Color grading is only the cherry on top. Beautiful and cinematic video from front to back can be achieved by integrating both techniques into your editing process.

How do color grading and correction work together?

Both are employed to produce a film or television program's final aesthetic. It's not only about that; it's also about creating a standard that can be seen by everyone on a TV, computer monitor, or large-screen projection.

Conclusion

A remarkable video is created using a variety of critical components, including storytelling, cinematography, production design, and editing. However, color correction is a step crucial step to delivering the best final video. We have tried to cover every important detail of Color Correction. 

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